General Instructions: You must write a research report based on the data obtained from the online survey completed as part of the Course Research Project. You must include your

General Instructions: You must write a research report based on the data obtained from the
online survey completed as part of the Course Research Project. You must include your
rationale for the research, research aim/s and hypotheses, a brief literature review,
methodology, data analysis (tables and figures), interpretation of results, discussion and
conclusion. The write-up of the findings and the discussion should constitute the bulk of the
final report.
You are required to present and interpret the following: 1) descriptive statistics; 2)
correlation; 3) a chi-squared test; and 4) an ANOVA.
Your report should consist of 2,500 words (no 10% leeway) excluding the references, tables,
figures, and appendices (you must include your SPSS output in the appendix). Follow APA
th or 7
th edition formatting for your report (citations, tables, and figures):
Suggested Outline
Your research report should include the headings and sub-headings in the list below – feel
free to use additional headings that are specific to your report for better organisation and
readability. General instructions and an approximate word count for each section are also
provided below:
1. Title (not included in word count). Your title should reflect your aim. Be creative – don’t
call it SRAP3001 Research Project. Include your name, student number, and word count on
the APA format title page.
2. Abstract: ~150 words. Include a structured abstract with the following four headings at the
beginning of your paper. Write this last; it will be easier to summarize your report when you
are finished a full draft. a. Aim b. Methodology c. Results d. Conclusion
3. Brief Literature Review: ~400 words. Provide a brief summary of background information
and summarise previous research findings on your topic (use references). Define any key
concepts. Your literature review should provide a clear and logical rationale for your
hypotheses. The hypotheses may be novel or may be conceptual replications of past research.
4. Aims and Hypotheses: ~100 words. Include an overall aim of your paper and your three
specific paired hypotheses. You must include the null hypothesis and the research hypothesis
for each statistical test. Your research hypotheses must be directional for the correlation and
ANOVA, but not the chi-squared test. You can present this as a list or as a table.
5. Method: ~400-500 words
a. Sample: Report demographics and size of the sample. What type of sample is it (e.g.,
representative, convenience, purposive; use references)? What software was used to
collect the data (Qualtrics)?
b. Procedure: Specifically describe how the data was collected. What did participants
b. Measures: What questions did you include? Are these from validated instruments (if
yes, use references)? How were the variables coded or measured? How were
summary variables created? Did you recode your continuous variables into
categories, and if so, how was this done? Describe your variables; are they
categorical or continuous? Which are your independent and which are your
dependent variables? You could use a table for this.
c. Statistical analyses: Identify and describe which statistical tests you will be using for
each hypothesis and why it is the appropriate test for these variables. State the
statistical software package you used (i.e., SPSS 27). Use references.
6. Results: ~500-600 words Present the findings of your analyses. What was statistically
significant and what was not? Did you accept or reject the null/research hypothesis? What
was the effect size or the magnitude of the association? Refer to your tables/figures. Do NOT
redundantly report statistics in both text and tables.
a. Descriptive statistics: Include at least one table with your descriptive statistics (e.g.,
%, frequencies, mean, SD, min-max) for ALL of the variables used in your analyses.
Provide the correct measures of central tendency and dispersion for your variables.
For your ALL of your continuous variables discuss whether they are normally
distributed and how you checked for normality. Make sure to provide the graphs
showing the distribution (i.e., a histogram with normal curve) in the appendix and
refer to these.
b. Correlation: Include a table with the findings from your correlation and describe the
findings. Was the relationship statistically significant? What was the direction of the
relationship? What was the strength of the association (effect size)?
c. Chi-squared: Include a table with the findings from chi-squared test and describe the
findings. Was the association statistically significant? Which group(s) were
higher/lower? What was the strength of the association?
d. ANOVA: Include a table with the findings from the ANOVA and describe the
findings. Were there statistically significant differences between the means you are
comparing? What were the results of the posthoc test (i.e., which groups had means
that were significantly higher/lower than other groups)?
7. Discussion and Conclusion: ~500-600 words. Interpret your findings. Do not simply repeat
the information from the results section. Instead, you must explain the meaning of your
results. Start by discussing whether or not your research hypotheses were supported by the
analyses. Refer to the past literature; how did your findings compare to what has already been
found? Do your results converge with the past literature? Do they show something new? This
section should relate to the ideas introduced in your literature review and perhaps include
additional literature that relates to your specific findings. Include a paragraph on the
limitations of your study (generalizability, data, sample, variables, analyses, or other)? What
are the conclusions or any policy recommendations you would make based on your findings?
Propose future research that should be conducted to further understand the topic, based on the
results you found.

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