HIST: US History Since 1865

uestion 1

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One of George Bush’s most effective campaign strategies in the 1988 election was to portray his opponent, Michael Dukakis, as

soft on crime.


too inexperienced.

out of touch with American values.

· Question 3

· Question 4

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Reagan won reelection handily in 1984, in large part because


the economy had temporarily improved.

Americans liked his strong anti-communist stance.

he had ended the Cold War.

he had developed a friendly relationship with the leader of the Soviet Union.

· Question 6

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The Iran Contra affair involved clandestine sales of American armaments to provide money for a guerilla group in






· Question 7

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The fact that the possession of only small amounts of crack cocaine carried the same penalties as possession of considerably larger amounts of cocaine indicated that


in the war against drugs, public officials began to target the poor more than the wealthy.

Americans were terrified that the entire younger generation would be lost to drugs.

gang wars would escalate exponentially.

the American criminal justice system was not functioning effectively.

· Question 8

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· Question 9

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When the Soviet Union removed its troops from Afghanistan as part of Gorbechev’s Perestroika policy,


the American-supported Mujahideen took temporary control before the country fell to the Taliban.

Iran tried to invade the mountainous state from the west, with no luck.

it met one of the demands Reagan had made for the resumption of disarmament talks.

it did so only because Soviet leaders realized that it would eventually gain control of Afghanistan another way, with American assistance.

· Question 10

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Which of these is NOT a true statement about the Persian Gulf War?


It began when Saddam Hussein attempted to reestablish Iraq’s control over the Middle East.

Hussein took over the oil-rich country of Kuwait, which led Bush to fear for American oil supplies.

It ended when Bush decided to invade Iraq.

It was a very brief war ? one that lasted just days.

· Question 11

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Why did manufacturers claim they left northern cities during the 1980s for the South and West?

They wanted to establish well-organized, union-run shops.

They sought a cheap labor supply and lower taxes.

Those regions offered incentives to lure businesses to relocate.

All of these choices.

· Question 12

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The temporary improvement in the American economy during Reagan’s early tenure was mainly the result of


defense spending.

tax cuts.

the success of supply-side economics.

the collapse of the Soviet Union.

· Question 14

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The term used for the complete expulsion of an entire ethnic population from a particular area is

ethnic devolution.

ethnic cleansing.


ethnic containment.

· Question 16

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All of the following Supreme Court Justices were on the bench between 1980 and 1992, EXCEPT:


Anthony Kennedy.

Antonin Scalia.

Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

Sandra Day O’Connor.

· Question 17

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Reagan was the perfect conservative candidate and president because of his belief in

traditional family values.


reducing social programs.

All of these choices.

· Question 19

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All of the following are true statements about Reagan’s economic programs except


His trickle-down theory was ultimately proven a vital strategy for dealing with economic downturns.

His cuts to government spending focused on social programs such as welfare and unemployment compensation.

He dramatically increased defense spending.

His policies led to an increasing number of billionaires in America.

· Question 21

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Hezbollah was the terrorist organization responsible for

leading the fight against the Soviets inside Afghanistan.

an attack on a Marine barracks in Lebanon that killed 241 American troops.

attacking American oil tankers in the Persian Gulf.

helping Iran fight off the Iraqi invasion.

· Question 22

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The disputes over the different visions of America put forth by New Right Conservatives and their left-wing opposition have been labeled


People for the American Way.

the “culture wars.”

the Cold War.

America Comes of Age.”

· Question 23

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All of the following are true statements about the Savings and Loan crisis except


It was caused by allowing S&Ls to invest in risky ventures such as shady real estate deals.

One of the biggest S&L failures was investing in large companies that used the money to buy up weaker competitors.

Millions of Americans lost all their savings.

President Bush created a plan to resolve the crisis ? at a taxpayer cost of $500 million.

· Question 24

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It could plausibly be stated that Reagan was at least partly to blame for the


success of the Polish Solidarity movement.

lack of a peace settlement in the Middle East.

bombing of the Marine barracks in Beirut in 1983.

Savings and Loan debacle.

· Question 26

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The first European country to demonstrate that the Soviet Union was losing control over the countries in its “sphere of influence” was






· Question 27

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The first woman on a national presidential ticket was


Phyllis Schlafly.

Geraldine Ferraro.

Sarah Palin.

Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

· Question 29

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The distinction held by the Persian Gulf War of 1991 was that


it was the first televised war.

it demonstrated the effectiveness of U.S. military hardware and troops.

it was the first war to be televised in real time.

it was conducted by the United States and a large number of other countries.

· Question 30

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Which drug appeared in the mid-1980s and quickly took hold of inner city youth?






· Question 32

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Several issues plagued Carter in his bid for reelection, including all of the following except


his moralism and bid for austerity.

the apparent weakness of the United States in comparison to the Soviet Union.

Reagan’s personality.

the Iran hostage crisis.

· Question 34

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The New Right that emerged in the 1980s concentrated on

fighting desegregation.

social justice.

electoral reform.

popular culture and moral issues.

· Question 37

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The pro-democracy rallies in China’s Tiananmen Square

led to strained U.S.-China relations due to the Chinese government’s response.

demonstrated that the Chinese were willing to liberalize some policies, especially in the area of economics.

disenchanted and dismayed the communist party members.

None of these choices.

· Question 38

0 out of 1 points

Reagan’s supply-side economics program focused first on


providing extra time for people on unemployment.

cutting taxes to generate investments in the economy.

increasing federal revenues.

increasing protective tariffs.

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