Static Budget versus Flexible Budget The production supervisor of the Machining Department for Niland Company agreed to the following monthly static budget for the upcoming year: Niland Company Machining Department Monthly Production Budget Wages $283,000 Utilities 18,000 Depreciation 31,000 Total $332,000 The actual amount spent and the actual units produced in the first three months in the Machining Department were as follows: Amount Spent Units Produced January $314,000 65,000 February 299,000 59,000 March 285,000 53,000 The Machining Department supervisor has been very d with this performance because actual expenditures for January–March have been less than the monthly static budget of $332,000

Static Budget versus Flexible Budget The production supervisor of the Machining Department for Niland Company agreed to the following monthly static budget for the upcoming year: Niland Company Machining Department Monthly Production Budget Wages $283,000 Utilities 18,000 Depreciation 31,000 Total $332,000 The actual amount spent and the actual units produced in the first three months in the Machining Department were as follows: Amount Spent Units Produced January $314,000 65,000 February 299,000 59,000 March 285,000 53,000 The Machining Department supervisor has been very d with this performance because actual expenditures for January–March have been less than the monthly static budget of $332,000. However, the plant manager believes that the budget should not remain fixed for every month but should “flex” or adjust to the volume of work that is produced in the Machining Department. Additional budget information for the Machining Department is as follows: Wages per hour $20.00 Utility cost per direct labor hour $1.30 Direct labor hours per unit 0.20 Planned monthly unit production 70,000 a. Prepare a flexible budget for the actual units produced for January, February, and March in the Machining Department. Assume that depreciation is a fixed cost. Enter all amounts as positive numbers. If required, use per unit amounts carried out to two decimal places. b. Compare the flexible budget with the actual expenditures for the first three months. What does this comparison suggest? The Machining Department has performed better than originally thought. YES OR NO The department is spending more than would be expected. YES OR NO

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