Essentially, our two party political system…..
…..which is exactly what George Washington said “Don’t do.” Honestly, they had one job.
But in all seriousness. Hamilton was a Federalist, which meant that he was in favor of a strong national government (hence his creation of a national bank and the coast guard, etc.), whereas Jefferson was a much more conservative voice, more interested in the country being a coalition of sovereign states.
Because of the system put in place, we have both. Although ore often than not the states don’t stand up for their rights.