Firstly, you have to notice that there are more than 2 element symbols here. As a result, there must be a polyatomic ion involved.

Hopefully, you recognize NH4 as the polyatomic ion ammonium (which carries with it a +1 charge).

The anion here is Cl (which has a -1 charge, thereby balancing out the cation – nice!).

To name it, start with the cation. Here, it’s ammonium. For the anion, when an atom becomes negatively charged, we indicate that by changing its suffix to -ide. So, instead of chlorine, we’ll make it chloride.

So, this is ammonium chloride.


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