Writing Writing Writing

This is a Research Paper on “The snow of kilimanjaro”

You must follow the assignment exactly.

Please note that this is not a thesis controlled essay; it is an exploration of sources.

You will use a total of four sources, including the primary source

. Find three commentaries (articles, interviews, overviews, critical essays, etc.) about the story or play and take notes or highlight the parts that help in your understanding. You should use at least two substantial quotations from each commentary in your paper. I encourage you to use more than three commentaries (secondary sources). Keep in mind that your research should focus on the literature itself, not on the author, though you may find articles in which the author (writer of the primary source) discusses the story, novel, or play, or you may find that the author’s own life is relevant to the story in a very specific way. Many biographies include discussions of specific pieces of literature by the author. The primary source (the story, novel, or play) does not count as one of the three commentaries (secondary sources). This means that you will have at least four sources in your works cited list. Again, I encourage you to use additional sources, especially if you don’t find answers to your questions by using only three.

Don’t use:

  • No internet (or print) sources that are “notes” or “summaries” of the primary source (CliffsNotes, Endnotes, Classicnotes, Booknotes, Sparknotes, Novelguide.com, etc) (Anything with lots of advertisements should be avoided.) If you are unsure about a source, let me know.
  • No student papers or free essays from websites like 1234helpme.com, freeessays.tv, gradesaver.com, sunflower.singnet.com, cbronte.com, bookrags, planetpapers.com, antiessays.com, directessays.com, academon.com, echeat.com, study.com–I’m truly amazed at how many websites like this exist! (These papers are often already plagiarized, or they are written by high school students with no real evidence for their views.)
  • No encyclopedias, especially Wikipedia, which is a good general reference but not always reliable, especially not as literary criticism
  • No dictionaries–definitions of words aren’t commentaries (though it’s good to look up words, of course)
  • No unsigned internet articles
  • No interviews with friends about the story or play (though it’s good to discuss the primary source with other people)_
  • USE
  • Books (biographies ofthe author, compilations of critical essays, critical studies of the story,novel or play)

    _HCCS databases (When youclick on “Libraries” on the homepage, you will see a link for databases A to Z.Gale literature resources are now under “A” for Artemis. (This is a recentchange.) Just login with your normal HCCS student login. You will be promptedto do this once you choose the database that you want.

    _Movies or documentariesthat relate to the the primary source (You must discuss these in the paper, notjust mention them, to count them as sources. Normally, this would include acomparison between the written work and the movie or documentary. Use only onevideo source. )

    _Reliable websites (withauthors listed)

    _Websites with .org,.gov., .edu (unless the source is a student paper)


    As indicated above,as of Spring 2017, you may use your normal student login to access librarydatabases. Just go to to “Libraries” at the top of the HCCS home page and thenchoose the database that you want. I suggest that you start with Artemis, whichincludes all of the Gale Literature databases.

    Writing the Paper

    3.In your paper, begin with a brief introduction in which you tell why you chosethis story or play, what questions you had after reading, how your found yoursources, which sources were most useful. This introduction is required. Youshould use “I” in the introduction since you are discussing yourpersonal response.

    4. Include a very brief discussion of the primary source itself, includingquotations that you think are important. This part of the paper shouldn’tbe more than a paragraph or two. (I emphasize “brief” because in thepast, some students have discussed the story, novel, or play for half the paperand responded very briefly to the commentaries.) This part of the paper should be similarto a short reading response.

    5. Then discuss each commentary (source) in a full paragraph for each source,letting the reader know what the critics have said about your story, novel, orplay. Include at least two substantial quotations from the source andyour responses to what the critics say. A substantial quotation is more thanone sentence. You will need to give the name and author of each commentary, butdon’t use these as headings. I prefer that you organize your essay bydiscussing the sources one by one in separate paragraphs. You may, of course,make connections among the sources to make the essay flow nicely. I’minterested in what you find out about the literature through research. Pleasefollow punctuation rules for quotations. Quotation marks don’t substitute forother marks of punctuation (commas, colons, semicolons, periods). Here is awebsite that should be useful: PunctuatingQuotations in Essays

    6. Do not put theauthor’s name in parentheses after a quotation. You should introduce yoursource at the beginning of the paragraph by including the author’s name and thetitle of the source in your topic sentence for the paragraph. You may, ofcourse, mention the author’s name again in a sentence if you wish, but don’tput the author’s name in parentheses. Use sentences like, “Baker goes onto say that. . . .” or “he also says that. . . .”

    7. At the end of the paper, summarize what you have learned by doing theresearch, perhaps letting your reader know which commentaries answered thequestions you had, which gave you additional insight, which were difficult tounderstand, etc. Again, you should use “I.”

    8. Include a works cited list at the end of the paper, listing allsources alphabetically, using MLA documentation format. Be sureto list your primary source (the story, play, or novel you are writing about). Youmust follow MLA format exactly. If you need help, let me know. You may wish topick up a handout at the library or consult the following website: MLA Format. The PurdueOn-line Writing Lab (OWL) is also very useful. I provided a sample workscited list at the end of this file. The list is not called “references” or


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